Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill 2018

Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill 2018

Ms. Maneka Gandhi, Minister for Women and Child Development, tabled the Prevention, Protection & Rehabilitation Bill 2018 on July 18, 2018. The Bill aims to provide complete prevention, rescue, and rehabilitation of trafficked persons.

Important Laws/Section

  • The Bill adopts the definition ‘trafficking of persons’ of Section 370 (IPC).
  • The bill does not redefine trafficking

Why is bill required?

  • More than 300,000 children went missing in the country between 2012 and 2017, government data shows. Around 100,000 are yet to be traced and it is feared that many of them could have been trafficked.
  • In 2016, for instance, 111,569 children were reported missing. Of these, 55,944 children were traced but only 8,132 trafficking cases were reported. Many of these children are victims of modern slavery — forced into prostitution, labour or domestic work.
  • They are also used as drug mules and even given up for adoption illegally. Poverty and lack of opportunity also pushes a lot of young women, especially from the interior parts of West Bengal, Odisha, Bihar and Jharkhand, into prostitution.
  • Despite the enormity of the problem, India lacks a single comprehensive law for human trafficking. At present, trafficking is covered under half-a-dozen laws resulting in confusion and poor enforcement.